automated methods of recognizing a person based on a
physiological or behavioral characteristic. Among the features
measured are; face, fingerprints, hand geometry, handwriting,
iris, retinal, vein, and voice. Biometric technologies are
becoming the foundation of an extensive array of highly secure
identification and personal verification solutions. As the level
of security breaches and transaction fraud increases, the need
for highly secure identification and personal verification
technologies is becoming apparent.
solutions are able to provide for confidential financial
transactions and personal data privacy. The need for biometrics
can be found in federal, state and local governments, in the
military, and in commercial applications. Enterprise-wide
network security infrastructures, government IDs, secure
electronic banking, investing and other financial transactions,
retail sales, law enforcement, and health and social services
are already benefiting from these technologies.
Biometric-based authentication applications include workstation,
network, and domain access, single sign-on, application logon,
data protection, remote access to resources, transaction
security and Web security. Trust in these electronic
transactions is essential to
healthy growth of the global economy. Utilized alone or
integrated with other technologies such as smart cards,
encryption keys and digital signatures, biometrics are set to
pervade nearly all aspects of the economy and our daily lives.
Utilizing biometrics for personal authentication is becoming
convenient and considerably more accurate than current methods
(such as the utilization of passwords or PINs). This is because
biometrics links the event to a particular individual (a
password or token may be used by someone other than the
authorized user), is convenient (nothing to carry or remember),
accurate (it provides for positive authentication), can provide
an audit trail and is becoming socially acceptable and
biometrics is probably the most common form of biometrics available
today. Fingerprints, when scanned electronically, provide
greater details and hence higher
level of accuracy.
Integration of Biometrics into Mainstream Applications by
combining Usable Technologies with Knowledgeable Support.